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Peace Sign History
Have you ever wondered where the peace symbolcame from?
The peace symbol combines a circle, a vertical line, and downward sloping lines.
Throughout history the peace symbol was not always used in the spirit of love and service to humanity. For this reason, theTeach Peace Foundation logois not a traditional peace symbol but people around the world holding hands.
A popular explanation of the peace symbol is that Gerald Herbert Holtom (1914 - 1985) created this symbol on February 21, 1958.At that time Holtom worked with the Direct Action Committee against Nuclear War. Holtom was a dedicated peacemaker and graduate of the Royal College of Arts. During World War II he worked on a farm in England as a conscientious objector. The BBC quoted Holtom, "I drew myself: the representative of an individual in despair, with hands palm outstretched outwards and downwards in the manner of Goya's peasant before the firing squad."The picture on the right shows one of Holtom's first sketches of the peace symbol. Opponents of the peace movement sometimes are thrilled to see the hands downward which symbolizespeasants being killed by a firing squad.
Bertrand Russell (1872 - 1970), a philosopher, historian, mathematician, and a member of the Direct Action Committee against Nuclear War, supported Holtom's claim and aggressively promoted the arms down symbol.The arms down peace sign made its first public appearance in the United Kingdom during the 1958 Easter weekend Direct Action Committee anti-nuclear march from London to Aldermaston. Russell was the march organizer responsible for placing the arms down peace symbol on buttons and banners.
Russell's interest in the peace symbol becomes visible when you know he was a member of the British Fabian Socialist Society, a secret society advocating a New World Order. Russell wrote in his bookThe Impact of Science on Societythat a "Black Death" or bacteriological warfare would be helpful every generation to cull the population. One of Russell's frustrations was war had proved to be disappointing in dramatically reducing populations.When you realize Russell supported both communism and peace without God, his alignment with all the New World Order tenets becomes visible. Specifically, he wanted to abolish God, abolish representative government, abolish private property, abolish food independence, abolish the family, and abolish most people as part of his anti-Christian crusade.
Russell downplayed his role and true interest in the peace symbol when he wrote, It was invented by a member of our movement (Gerald Holtom) as the badge of the Direct Action Committee against Nuclear War, for the 1958 Aldermaston peace walk in England. It was designed from the naval code of semaphore, and the symbol represents the code letters for ND.' The code ND for Nuclear Disarmament is shown on the right.The circle, representing the concept of total or complete, surrounds the N and D signifying total or complete nuclear disarmament.
Russell's primary interest in the symbol was to communicate defeat, despair, and disrespecting Jesus. Secret societies advancing the Great Plan enjoy seeing people, especially young children, wearing the peace symbol with the arms down because in their Luciferian religion they believe deception produces a dark energy helping to pave the way for the Antichrist.
American journalist and playwright Herb Greer adds support for the Holtom explanation. He reported, I was actually there on and before the first Aldermaston march for which it was created. I visited Holtom, I saw the original sketches and discussed it with him.
Ken Kolsbun, author of the bookPeace: The Biography of a Symbol,reported that Holtom expressed regret in not designing the peace symbol with the joyful lifting of arms towards the sky.5For most of Holtom's life he would draw only the upright peace symbol. Holtom requested that the upright peace symbol be placed on his tombstone in Kent, England. As shown by the picture of his tombstone, his wish was unfortunately ignored.
Holtom's wish that the peace symbol connotation of despair be changed to joy is illustrated by the picture on the right. When the peace symbol is inverted the letter "N" becomes the semaphore code for "U" which could mean "universal" disarmament or the less popular but courageous "unilateral" disarmament.
While it appears reasonable that the modern day peace symbol comes from Gerald Holtom, this logic fails to address the fact that the symbol has been used for evil both in modern times and for thousands of years.
This same symbol was used by Hitler's 3rd Panzer Division from 1941 to 1945. The image on the left is the regimental 3rd Panzer Division symbol. Soviet, Polish, and Hungarian citizens, having suffered from the Nazi massacres, undoubtedly struggled with Holtoms use of the symbol as a thoughtful way to communicate peace. The symbol can also be found on some of Hitler's SS soldiers' tombstones.
Another flaw in the Holtom creation story is the use of the symbol as an anti-Christian symbol by the Saracens as early as 711 A.D. For the Saracens, the image placed on their shields symbolized the breaking of the Christian cross. For some the broken cross was equated to a satanic symbol known as the raven's craw or witch's foot. While Holtom may not have known the historical meaning of the peace symbol, Bertrand Russell was a historian and member of the Fabian Society. A 1970 article in theAmerican Opinionmagazine claimed Russell knew the historical occult meaning and intentionally selected an "anti-Christian design long associated with Satanism."
The fifth and final Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty, Nero (born Lucius Domitius Ahenabarbus 37 - 68 AD), is remembered in history for persecuting Christians. Nero's rule was so wicked he even had his mother executed. The First Roman-Jewish War (66 - 70 AD) started during his reign and today the term "Nero Cross" is the symbol of the "broken Jew" or "broken cross." The most famous person believed to be crucified by Nero was the Apostle Peter. To symbolize humility and unworthiness in comparison to Christ, Peter requested that he be crucified with his head toward the ground. As a result of Peter's death the upside down cross was used by early Christians as a positive symbol for peace.
The symbol of the upside down cross changes its meaning when the person on the upside down cross is no longer Peter but Jesus. Anti-religious and satanic groups use the "Nero Cross" or inverted "Latin Cross" to symbolize everything opposite of Christianity. Today this is clearly illustrated by "black metal" or heavy metal music lyrics and imagery that communicate anti-Christian sentiments.An album cover for the black metal group, Mayhem, is shown on the left. The first letter "M" in "Mayhem" and the last "m" depict the upside down cross. In addition to musicians, film makers have reinforced the notion that the upside down cross is an anti-Christian symbol as illustrated byThe Omenin 1976 andThe Exorcism of Emily Rosein 2005.
Thesymbol has also been used to communicate support for communism. Bertrand Russell once said: There is no hope in anything but the Soviet way. Governments--both those who supported communism and those opposed to it--have perceived benefits in aligning the peace symbol with communist ideology. For people like Bertrand Russell, the author of the 1927 essayWhy I Am Not Christian, the symbol represented not only a pro-communism meaning but peace without God.
The confusion about what the modern day peace symbol means is further clouded by the founder of the Church of Satan, Anton LaVey. LaVey used the symbol as the backdrop for his altar.Rudolf Koch'sBook of Signsexplains the downward pointed fork represents the death of man.Placed in the circle the symbol means the total death of all people which is the exact opposite of what Holtom worked to prevent with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
While the anti-God, communist and death of man arguments are far from representative of the majority of people that carry or wear a peace symbol, they can frustrate the sincere efforts of peacemakers.
Today because many people carry the symbol without understanding the history, we miss an opportunity to address historical uses and move forward to reclaim the symbol for good.
TheFocus Fusion Society is honoring Holtom's by putting the peace symbol arms up.
Unfortunately even the upward arms peace symbol is not problem-free. For example, the white racist group, National Alliance, uses the upward arm symbol shown on the right.
When you see the peace symbol, with the exception of groups specifically promoting violence, the person displaying it is attempting to communicating a message of love. Rather than use the arms down or arms up peace symbol, communicating love with kindness is recommended.